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安防集成技术在火车站安全防范中的发展与创新应用

2015/4/17 13:59:01      点击:

014NIAN3YUEKUNMINGHUOCHEZHANKONGBUXIJISHIJIANYINYINGCAIJIANJIANSANQU,4YUEDIWULUMUQIHUOCHEZHANHE5YUECHUDEGUANGZHOUHUOCHEZHANYOUXIANGJIFASHENGLETONGLEIKONGBUXIJISHIJIAN,CANRENDEDAITUHAOWUZHENGZHAODEDUIMOSHENGDEWUGULURENFAQILEGONGJI,ZHISHANGWANGCANZHONG,SHEHUIYINGXIANGELIE。2014NIANDEKONGBUXIJISHIJIANBAHUOCHEZHANANFANGTUIDAOLEFENGKOULANGJIAN,ZHEISHIDUISHEHUIANBAOJIZHICHILUOLUODETIAOXIN。

ZAIXIANDAIANFANGJICHENGJISHUSHANG,JIANSHEKEKAODEHUOCHEZHANANFANGXITONGSHIDANGQIANZUIYOUXIAO、YOULIDEBANFA,YILAIKEYIQIDAOZHENSHE、YUFANGZUOYONG,FANGZHIFANZUIFENZICUNYOUJIAOXINGXINLI;ERLAIKEYIWEIANJIANZHENPOTIGONGYOULIZHENGJU。ZHICI,HUOCHEZHANANFANGJINRURENMENDESHIXIAN,CHENGWEIREDIANGUANZHUDEHUATI,ZHEIYEWEIANFANGJICHENGJISHUTICHULEXINDETIAOZHAN。

 

一、应用现状

ANFANGJICHENGJISHUCONGSHANGSHIJI70NIANKAISHIZOURURENMENDESHENGHUO,LIJINGMONISHIDAI、MOSHUHUNHESHIDAI、SHUZIGAOQINGSHIDAISANGEJIEDUANDEFAZHANZHUBUZHUANGDAHEWANSHAN。DANSHOUDAOJINGDIANJIANKONGMOXINGDEYINGXIANG,XIANYIDEJIANKONGXITONGDADUOYIMANZUSHISHIJIANKANHELUXIANGSHIHOUQUZHENGWEIZHU。ERFANKONGFANGBAODEHEXINQUESHI“YUJING→FANGFAN→CHUZHI→SHANHOU”YOUQISHIQIANLIANGBUDE“YUJING”HE“FANGFAN”GENGSHIZHONGZHONGZHIZHONG。ZHEISHIYIBEIDONGJILUHESHIHOUCHAZHENGWEIZHUDECHUANTONGJIANKONGXITONGWUFASHIXIANDE,YUFANKONGFANGBAOYAOQIUDEZHUDONGFANGKONGYOUZHEBENZHIDECHABIE。

MUQIANHUOCHEZHANANFANGXITONGHAITINGLIUZAIMOSHUHUNHESHIDAI,CAIYONGJINGDIANJIANKONGMOXING,YIMANZUSHISHIJIANKONGHELUXIANGSHIHOUQUZHENGWEIZHU;XINLAOSHEBEIJIAOTIZAOCHENGHUOCHEZHANDUOCHUSHIPINJIANKONGCHENGWEIBAISHE,YIDANJINJIQINGKUANGFASHENGJIANGCHENGWEIHUOCHEZHANANQUANFANGFANXITONGDEZHONGDAYINHUAN。

 

二、应用形式

JIANYUCIZHONGXIANZHUANG,GENJUHAIKANGWEISHIDEJINGYAN,BENRENRENWEI,HUOCHEZHANANFANGXITONGJIANSHEYINGFENYIXIAJIBUZOU:

1、大规模全高清覆盖

GAOQINGSHIPINJIANKONGNENGDAILAIGENGQINGXIDEGUANJIANXIJIE、GENGDAFANWEIDEFUGAI、GENGJINGQUEDEZHINENGFENXI,HUOCHEZHANGECHANGSUODEGAOQINGSHIPINQUANFUGAIJIANGSHIHUOCHEZHANANFANGDESHOUYAORENWU。

 

 

2、人脸抓拍识别比对

ZAIRENYUANANJIANDENGGUANJIANTONGDAO,TONGGUOSHUANGMULITISHIJUEJISHUSHIXIANDUIRENTISHUXINGTEZHENGDETIQU,RUXINGBIE、NIANLINGDUAN、SHENGAO、SHIFOUDAIYANJING,SHIFOUJUYOUDIANXINGTEZHENGDENG。

JIANGZHUAPAIDAODERENLIANYUGUANZHUDERENYUANKUJINXINGHEIMINGDANRENLIANBIDUI,RUKONGBUFENZIXIANYIRENKU、ZAITAORENYUANKUDENG,GENJUSHEDINGDEXIANGSHIDUYUZHIJINXINGSHISHIBAOJING。

3、单体群体行为检测

ZAIHUOCHEZHANGUANGCHANG、DATING,TONGGUOZHINENGFENXISHEBEISHIXIANZIDONGFENXIBINGFAXIANYICHANGBENPAO、RENYUANZHOUJU、ZHOUSAN、PAIHUAIDENGXINGWEI,GENJUSHEDINGDEGUIZEJINXINGSHISHIBAOJING。

4、车辆智能监测记录

ZAISHILIHUOCHEZHANDEGEGEGUANJIANLUKOU,SHEZHICHELIANGZHINENGJIANCEJILUXITONG,SHIXIANGUOWANGCHELIANGZHUAPAI,BINGDUICHELIANGDETEZHENGSHUXINGJINXINGTIQU,RUCHEPAIHAOMA、CHEPAIYANSE、CHESHENYANSE、CHEXING、CHEBIAODENG。

TONGSHINENGGOUZHENDUIZHONGDIANQUYUFEIBAIMINGDANDECHELIANGJINXINGPAIHUAIJIANCE,RUZAIYIDUANSHIJIANLIPINFANCHUXIANCHELIANG,KESHIQIANYUJING,ZHONGDIANGUANZHU。

5、手持终端远程指挥

ZAISHOUCHIZHONGDUANSHANGJICHENGYEJINGCHUMOXIANSHIPING、3GHEWi-FiWUXIANTONGXUNMOKUAI、GPSMOKUAI、LANYAMOKUAI,NEIZHIGAOQINGXIANGJI,PEIBEIWEIXINGSHEXIANGTOUJIERJI。TONGGUO3GHEWi-FiWUXIANWANGLUOJINXINGSHISHISHIYINPINXINXICHUANSHU,SHIXIANHUOCHEZHANZHIFARENYUANXIANCHANGQUZHENG、YUANCHENGZHIHUI、QIANGXIANDIAODUDENGYEWUYINGYONG。

6、视频监控运维管理

SHISHIDUITONGGUOYINGPANLUXIANGJIDVRJIERUHUOSHIPINFUWUQIDVSJIERUDESUOYOUMONISHEXIANGJI、WANGLUOSHEXIANGJIDENGQITAXITONGSHEBEIJINXINGZHINENGFENXIZHENDUAN。BAOZHENGZHENGGEHUOCHEZHANANFANGXITONGDEZHENGCHANGYUNXING。

7、铁路公安实战应用

HOUDUANJICHENGZHIHUIPINGTAIYUGONGANSHIZHANYINGYONGXIANGJIEHE,GENGHAODIFAHUIXITONGZAIHUOCHEZHANANFANGZHONGDEZUOYONG。ZAISHISHIJIANKONGSHI,DUIXUYAOJIANKANDETUXIANGANZHAODUOGEHUAMIANZUHEZIDONGLUNXUNXIANSHI。KEYITIANJIADUOTIAOGUIJI,BINGKEZIDINGYIBAOCUNDAOZHONGXINSHUJUKU,JIANKONGTUXIANGKEZAIZHIDINGJIANSHIQISHANGJINXINGTONGBUXIANSHI。

TONGGUOYUPGISXITONGDENGYEWUXITONGDERONGHE,QUEDINGANFADIDIANHOU,KEJIYUDIANZIDITU,KUAISUSOUSUOCHUZHOUBIANDEJIANKONGDIAN,DIAOCHUBAOJINGANFADIDIANZHOUBIANDESHIPINZIYUANYINRUSHIPINJIANKONGFUHESHISHOUDUAN,BIMIANYINWUJING、XUJINGDERENLIHAOFEI,TIGAOJINGYUANCHUJINGXIAOLV。

TONGGUOJICHENGRENLIANSHIBIEXITONG,SHIXIANDUIKEYIRENYUANDEBUKONGZHUITAOYEWU。

 

三、创新应用

1、卡进出、控事件、全监控、重疏导

卡进出:对所有与火车站发生人员、车辆交换的点进行卡口监控,一旦发现潜在威胁人员、恐怖嫌疑人员、在逃嫌疑人员、徘徊嫌疑车辆时及时向铁路公安指挥中心预警。

控事件:对重点部位进行敏感事件监控,一旦发现人员奔跑、人员骤聚、骤散等异常行为时及时向铁路公安指挥中心报警。

全监控:完成对火车站的高清视频全覆盖,对于站前广场采用多相机拼接的模式,实现大场景、高清细节图像在同幅画面中的显示。在发生恐怖事件需要疏散及警力调度指挥时,无需在多个相机间切换。

重疏导:将乘客疏导系统、应急系统与视频监控系统进行整合,相机可自带LED指向路标,在确认恐怖或灾害事件报警信息后,指挥员在中心的电子地图上划出疏散路线,可联动相机的LED指向路标,配合语音指引人员迅速转移到安全区域。避免人员因不熟悉火车站地形或方向而导致语音引导失效。

2、全覆盖、无死角、提特征

JIEHEDANGQIANTIELUGONGANDUIFANKONGFANGBAOXIANSHIGONGZUOXUYAO,QUANMIANTISHENGHUOCHEZHANFANGKONGJIANKONGSHIPINXITONG,YINGFUHE“QUANGAOQING、QUANFUGAI、WUSIJIAO”SHIPINJIANKONGXUQIU。

GENJUHUOCHEZHANGECHANGSUOTEDIANXUANZEKEFENGSUODEHUANJING,ZAICHURUKOUHEYANHOUWEIZHISHEZHIRENLIANZHUAPAIBIDUIXITONG(QIANZAIWEIXIERENLIANJIANCE、KONGBUXIANYIBIDUI、ZAITAOXIANYIBIDUI);DUIKAIFANGSHIDEZHANQIANGUANGCHANG,JIANYIPEIHEWUFANGSHOUDUAN、LVHUADAISHEZHIDENGFANGSHIYUESHURENYUANJINRUGUANGCHANGDETONGDAO,ZAITONGDAOCHURUKOUHEYANHOUWEIZHISHEZHIRENLIANZHUAPAIJIANCEXITONG(QIANZAIWEIXIERENLIANJIANCE);DUIZHANQIANGUANGCHANGDENGKAIKUOQUYU,SHEZHIDUOTAIXIANGJIHESHIPINPINJIEFUWUQI(SHIXIANDUIDACHANGJING、GAOQINGXIJIETUXIANGZAITONGFUHUAMIANZHONGDEXIANSHI)JIASHESHIJIANJIXINGWEIJIANCEXITONG(RENYUANBENPAOJIANCE、RENYUANZHOUJUJIJIANCE、RENYUANZHOUSANJIANCE);DUIZHANQIANGUANGCHANG、HOUCHEDATINGDENGKAIKUOQUYU,SHEZHIDUOTAIXIANGJIHESHIPINPINJIEFUWUQI(SHIXIANDUIDACHANGJING、GAOQINGXIJIETUXIANGZAITONGFUHUAMIANZHONGDEXIANSHI)。

ZAISHOUPIAODATING、HOUCHEDATING、ZHANQIANGUANGCHANGDEBUFENZHONGYAOBUWEI,SHEZHISHIJIANJIXINGWEIJIANCEXITONG(RENYUANBENPAOJIANCE、RENYUANZHOUJUJIJIANCE、RENYUANZHOUSANJIANCE);ZAISUOYOUJINCHUHUOCHEZHANDEDAOLUSHANGSHEZHIKAKOU(CHELIANGPAIHUAIJIANCE);DANBINGJIANKONGXITONGTIGAOZHIQINMINJINGDEJISHUZHUANGBEI,SHISHIJILUSHANGCHUANDIYIXIANDETUSHIPIN,TONGSHIYEGUIFANLEZHIFAXINGWEI(ZHIHUIYINGJI)。

3、圈重点、布全局

TONGGUOGOUJIANMONIHUOCHEZHANBUJUTU,ZHONGDIANGUANZHUZHANQIANGUANGCHANG、ANJIANQUHESHOUPIAO/HOUCHEDATINGYIJITINGCHECHANGHEZHOUBIANDAOLU,YOUQISHIZAIZHANQIANGUANGCHANGQUYUDUIFANKONGFANGBAODEYAOQIUSHIZHONGZHONGZHIZHONGDE。

SHOUPIAODATINGHEHOUCHEDATINGZAIHUOCHEZHANZHONGSHUYUMIFENGQUYU,YESHIANBAOFANGHUDEHEXINFANGHUQU,TONGGUOJIFANG、WUFANGHERENFANGBAOZHANGANQUAN。

DUIKAIFANGSHIDEZHANQIANGUANGCHANG,JIANYIPEIHEWUFANGSHOUDUAN、LVHUADAISHEZHIDENGFANGSHIYUESHURENYUANJINRUGUANGCHANGDETONGDAO。

SHIXIANDUIHUOCHEZHANGECHANGSUODE“QUANGAOQING、QUANFUGAI、WUSIJIAO”DESHIPINJIANKONGXITONGDESHEJI。

ZAISHOUPIAODATING、HOUCHEDATING、ZHANQIANGUANGCHANGDEBUFENZHONGYAOBUWEI,SHEZHISHIJIANJIXINGWEIJIANCEXITONG。

JINCHUHUOCHEZHANDEDAOLUSHANGSHEZHIKAKOUXITONG,KONGZHISUOYOUJINCHUCHELIANG,KEYIPAIHUAICHELIANGSHIQIANYUJING。

JIANGCHENGKESHUDAOXITONG、YINGJIXITONGYUSHIPINJIANKONGXITONGJINXINGZHENGHE,XIANGJIKEZIDAILEDZHIXIANGLUBIAOHUOZHEGUANLIANSHUSANZHISHIDENG,ZAIQUERENKONGBUHUOZAIHAISHIJIANBAOJINGXINXIHOU,ZHIHUIYUANZAIZHONGXINDEDIANZIDITUSHANGHUACHUSHUSANLUXIAN,KELIANDONGXIANGJIDELEDZHIXIANGLUBIAO,PEIHEYUYINZHIYINRENYUANXUNSUZHUANYIDAOANQUANQUYU。

 

四、  应用难点与瓶颈

1、如何事前•预警

SHISHIJIANCEJINRUCHEZHANFANWEIDERENYUANHECHELIANG,FAXIANQIANZAIWEIXIERENYUAN、KONGBUXIANYIRENYUAN、ZAITAOXIANYIRENYUAN、PAIHUAIXIANYICHELIANGSHI,JISHIXIANGZHIHUIZHONGXINFACHUKEYIYUJINGXINXI,GONGZHIHUIZHONGXINCHUJINGJUECESHIYONG,YOUJIHUIJIANGKONGBUSHIJIANEZHIZAIMENGYADANGZHONG。

2、如何事发•报警

JIANCECHEZHANFANWEINEIRENYUANFEIZHENGCHANGXINGWEI(RUBENPAO、RENYUANZHOUJU、RENYUANZHOUSANDENG),JISHIXIANGZHIHUIZHONGXINFACHUKEYIRENYUANJIXINGWEIBAOJINGXINXI,GONGZHIHUIZHONGXINCHUJINGJUECESHIYONG,JIANGYOUJIHUIWEIYINGDUIKONGBUSHIJIAN、JIANSHAORENMENDESHENGMINGCAICHANSUNSHIYINGDEGENGDUOBAOGUISHIJIAN。

3、如何事后•处置

JIAQIANGKEJIXUNLUOZHIFA,BIANXIESHIYIDONGZHIFAZHONGDUAN,XIANCHANGZHIFA、YUANCHENGZHIHUIDIAODU。SHUJUZHINENGHUAYINGYONG,TONGGUODUIBUHUODEREN/CHEDESHUJUHEGONGANXITONGSHUJUSHISHIDUIBIFENXI,TIGONGXIANYISHUJU,YOUZHENDUIXINGDEJINXINGSHIHOUQUZHENG。ZHONGSHIYINGJIXIANGYING、ZHIHUI、SHUDAO,SHIPINJIANKONGXITONGZHICHIWUFENGDUIJIEQITAANBAOXITONG,WANSHANYINGJIYUAN,GUIHUAYINGJISHUDAOXIANLUJIANZHIQUYU。

 

五、  应用趋势

HUOCHEZHANSHIPINJIANKONGSHIXIANCONGCAIJI、CHUANSHU、CUNCHU、KONGZHIDAOXIANSHI,WEIYONGHUTIGONGLEQUANMIANDEGAOQINGTIYAN。SHIXIANCONGZHANQIANGUANGCHANG、ANJIANQU、SHOUPIAO/HOUCHESHIJIZHOUBIANDAOLU,ZHENGGEHUOCHEZHANDEQUANFUGAI。CAIYONGYENEILINGXIANDEGAOBAOZHENDIMALIUSUANFA,XIANGDUIYUYUANYOUGAOQINGJIANKONGKEJIESHENGYIBANYISHANGDECHUANSHUDAIKUANHECUNCHUKONGJIAN。

HUOCHEZHANSHIPINJIANKONGXITONGZHINENGFENXIYINGYONGTIYAN,BIANBEIDONGSHIJIANKONGWEIZHUDONGFANGFAN。YOURENLIANZHUAPAIDUIBITIYANDAOCHELIANGPAIHUAIFENXI,ZHINENGHUAYINGYONGQUANMIANFUGAIHUOCHEZHANQUYU。XITONGHAIZHICHISHIPINZHAIYAO、SHIPINJIANSUODENGSHIPINZHINENGKUAISUJIANSUOYINGYONG,DADAOTIGAOSHIPINCHAKANXIAOLVDEMUDE。

YITIELUGONGANJIGUANDEGEXIANGYEWUMUBIAOWEIDAOXIANG,YITISHENGTIELUGONGANZHIFARENYUANJIANKONGXIAONENGWEILIZUDIAN,MIANXIANGTIELUGONGANJIGUANJINGWUGUANLI,MIANXIANGTIELUGONGANXINGYESHIJIYINGYONG,SHIXIANSHIPINLIU、XINXILIUHEGONGZUOLIUDEJINMIJIEHE,ZIYUAN、REN、RENWUDEYOUXIAOZHENGHE。PINGTAIJUYOUFENGFUDESHUJUFENXIJIYANPANNENGLI,RU:SISEYUJINGTONGJI、JINGQINGFENBUFENXI、TUCHUJINGQINGFENXIDENG,BINGTIGONGSHUJUFENXISHITU(ZHUZHUANGTU、BINGZHUANGTUDENG)JINXINGZHANXIAN,QIANGDADESHUJUFENXIGONGNENGNENGYOUXIAOFUWUYUTIELUGONGANBUMENJUECEZHIHUI,ZUIDAXIANDUDITIGAOLEQIXINXIHUAGUANLISHUIPING。