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以光速洞察世界

2015/4/17 13:58:08      点击:

SHUZIHUASHIDAIDEXINXICHUANDIRUCIGAOXIAO,YIBUFENDEYIYUGUANGXIANTONGXINJISHUDEXUNMENGFAZHAN。GUANGXIANZHEIZHONGCAILIAOZUICHUDANSHENGZHISHIYINGYONGYUYILIAOSHANGDENEIKUIJING。YOUYUDANGSHIJISHUYOUXIAN,GUANGZAIGUANGXIANZHONGCHUANSHUSHUAIJIANFEICHANGDA,SUOYIDANGSHIDEYANJIUZHEBINGBUKANHAOGUANGXIANZAITONGXINSHANGDEYINGYONG。ZHIHOUJINGGUOYINGJIHUARENGAOKUNBOSHIDEQIANXINYANJIU,BINGTICHUDADANJIASHE,YOUZHONGXINRANQILEYANJIUZHEMENDUIYUGUANGTONGXINDEREQING。

 

一、技术背景

  SHUZIHUASHIDAIDEXINXICHUANDIRUCIGAOXIAO,YIBUFENDEYIYUGUANGXIANTONGXINJISHUDEXUNMENGFAZHAN。GUANGXIANZHEIZHONGCAILIAOZUICHUDANSHENGZHISHIYINGYONGYUYILIAOSHANGDENEIKUIJING。YOUYUDANGSHIJISHUYOUXIAN,GUANGZAIGUANGXIANZHONGCHUANSHUSHUAIJIANFEICHANGDA,SUOYIDANGSHIDEYANJIUZHEBINGBUKANHAOGUANGXIANZAITONGXINSHANGDEYINGYONG。ZHIHOUJINGGUOYINGJIHUARENGAOKUNBOSHIDEQIANXINYANJIU,BINGTICHUDADANJIASHE,YOUZHONGXINRANQILEYANJIUZHEMENDUIYUGUANGTONGXINDEREQING。YOUJINGGUOSHUNIANDEYANJIU,JIGUANGQIHEDISUNHAOGUANGXIANDOUYOULEZHONGDATUPO,ZHEICAISHIGUANGTONGXINBIANWEILEKENENG。

GUANGXIANZUICHUGUANGFANYINGYONGYUGUANGDIANXINGYE,ERTONGSHIQIDEANFANGXINGYEHAIZAISHIYONGTONGZHOUDIANLANZUOWEIZHUYAOCHUANSHUJIEZHI。DANSUIZHEANFANGXINGYESHUZIHUA、GAOQINGHUADEFAZHAN,CHUANTONGDECHUANSHUJIEZHIYIJINGBUNENGMANZUANFANGXINGYEDUIYUCHUANSHUDAIKUAN、CHUANSHUSULV、CHUANSHUJULI、BAOMIXINGDENGFANGMIANDEXUQIU,GUANGXIANTONGXINJISHUJIUBEISHUNLICHENGZHANGDEYINRULEANFANGXINGYE,BINGHENKUAIFAZHANQILAI。MUQIANGUANGCHUANSHUSHISHIPINJIANKONGYUANJULICHUANSHUJIEJUEFANGANDEHEXINJISHU。ZUOWEIZHENGGECHUANSHUFANGANDEHEXIN,GAOXINGNENGDEGUANGDUANJISHEBEIYECHENGWEIHAIKANGWEISHIDENGANFANGCHANGJIADEYANFAZHONGDIAN,ZAIZHENGGEANFANGJIANKONGXITONGZHONGZHANYOUJUZUQINGZHONGDEDIWEI。

 

二、光端机的分类

  GENJUDUISHURUXINHAOCHULIFANGSHIDEBUTONG,GUANGDUANJIKEFENWEIMONIGUANGDUANJIHESHUZIGUANGDUANJI。

  (YI)MONIGUANGDUANJI

  MONIGUANGDUANJIJIANGMONIXINHAOJINXINGPFMDIAOZHIHOUZAIJINXINGDIAN-GUANGZHUANHUAN,ZAIJIESHOUDUANJINXINGGUANG-DIANZHUANHUAN,ZAITONGGUOPFMJIEDIAOJIANGSHIPINXINHAOHAIYUAN。CIFANGSHIJUYOUJIAOGAODEXINZAOBIHEJIAOXIAODEFEIXIANXINGSHIZHEN,SHIXINHAOQINGYIJIUNENGCHUANSHUJISHIGONGLI,DANSHIDANGENGUANGXIANCHUANSHUDEXINHAOLUSHUYOUXIAN。

  (ER)SHUZIGUANGDUANJI

  SHUZIGUANGDUANJIJIANGSHURUDEMONIXINHAOJINXINGMOSHUZHUANHUAN,YINCIZAIGUANGXIANZHONGCHUANSHUDESHISHUZIXINHAO,SHUZIXINHAOZHIJIEKONGZHIGUANGTOUFASHEXINHAODEQIANGRUO(JIXINHAOQIANGYONGSHUZI1BIAOSHI,XINHAORUOYONGSHUZI0BIAOSHI),ZAIJIESHOUDUANJINXINGYICISHUMOZHUANHUAN,HUIFUCHENGYUANSHIDESHIYINPINXINHAO。SHUZIXINHAOXIANGBIYUMONIXINHAOYOUJIAODIDEWUMALV,NENGBAOZHENGSHIPINXINHAOWUSHIZHENDEHAIYUAN,BINGQIEDUOLUXINHAOKEYIZAIYITIAOLUGUANGXIANZHONGHUBUGANRAODECHUANSHU,SHIYILUGUANGXIANDEFUYONGXIAOLVDADATIGAO,KESHIXIANYILUGUANGXIANCHUANSHUSHUSHILUSHENZHISHANGBAILUTUXIANG。ZHENGRUZAISHEXIANGJILINGYUSHUZIQUDAIMONIYIYANG,GUANGDUANJIDESHIJIELISHUZIGUANGDUANJIYEBIJIANGQUDAIMONIGUANGDUANJICHENGWEIZHULIU,BENWENYIJIESHAOSHUZIGUANGDUANJIWEIZHU。SHUZIGUANGDUANJIYOUFENWEISHUZISHIPINGUANGDUANJIYUYITAIWANGGUANGDUANJIJIWANGLUOGUANGDUANJI。

  1.SHUZISHIPINGUANGDUANJI

  SHUZISHIPINGUANGDUANJIKECHUANSHUWUYASUODESHIPINXINHAO,RUHD-SDIXINHAO,JIEJUELEZAICHUANTONGCHUANSHUFANGSHIXIACHUANSHUDAIKUANWENTI,SHIDESHISHICHUANSHUWUYASUODEGAOQINGSHIPINXINHAOCHENGWEIKENENG,DADATIGAOLESHISHIJIANKONGSHIDEHUAMIANZHILIANG。TEDINGXINGHAODESHUZISHIPINGUANGDUANJIZAICHUANSHUSHIPINXINHAODETONGSHIHAIKECHUANSHU485KONGZHIXINHAO、YINPINXINHAODENG。GENJUSHIYONGCHANGJINGBUTONG,SHUZISHIPINGUANGDUANJIKEFENWEIDIANDUIDIANSHIGUANGDUANJI、JIEDIANSHIGUANGDUANJI、HUIJUSHIGUANGDUANJI、CUBOFENFUYONGGUANGDUANJIHEZONGHEYEWUSHIPINGUANGDUANJI。

  (1)DIANDUIDIANSHIGUANGDUANJI

  YITIAOGUANGXIANZHINENGYOUYIGEFASONGDUANHEYIGEJIESHOUDUAN,FASONGDUANYUJIESHOUDUANCHENGDUICHUXIAN(RUTU1)。YINCIYOUJIGEFASONGDUANJIUXUYAOJITIAOGUANGXIAN,BINGQIEZHINENGZUCHENGXINGXINGWANGLUO,MEIGEJIANKONGDIANLIYONGGEZIDEGUANGXIANXIANLUDULICHUANSHU,RUGUOSHURUDUANSHULIANGDUOLERONGYIZAOCHENGGUANGXIANDELANGFEI,BULIYUGONGCHENGSHANGPUSHEXIANLANYIJIDUIYUCHENGBENDEKONGZHI。

  (2)JIEDIANSHIGUANGDUANJI

  MEIGEJIEDIANSHIGUANGDUANJIZHIJIANTONGGUOCHUANLIANZUIHOUCHUANDAOZHONGXINJIESHOUDUAN,ZHUYAOYUNYONGXINHAODEFUYONGJISHU,GUANGXINHAOMEIGUOYIGEJIEDIANJIUJINXINGYICIFUYONG,JIANGBENJIEDIANDEXINHAOFUYONGDAOSHANGYILUXINHAOZHONGCHUANDIDAOXIAGEJIEDIAN(RUTU2)。YINCIYITIAOGUANGXIANXIANLUSHANGKEYICUNZAIDUOGEJIEDIAN,JIDACHENGDUJIESHENGPUSHEGUANGXIANDECHENGBEN。GAILEIGUANGDUANJIGUANGFANYINGYONGYUGAOSUGONGLUXIANGMU。

  (3)HUIJUSHIGUANGDUANJI

  QIANDUANDUOLUGUANGXIANXINHAOTONGGUOGEZIDEFASONGGUANGDUANJICHUANSHUDAOYIGEHUIJUJIEDIAN,HUIJUJIEDIANDEGUANGDUANJIJIANGDUOLUGUANGXIANXINHAOHEBINGWEIYILUGUANGXINHAOCHUANDIDAOZHONGXINDEHUIJUJIESHOUGUANGDUANJI(RUTU3)。ZHEIYANGDECHUANSHUFANGSHIKEYIJIANGCHUANTONGDEXINGXINGTUOPUJIEGOUZHUANHUAWEISHUXINGTUOPUJIEGOU,JIAODACHENGDUSHANGJIESHENGLEGUANGXIANPUSHEDECHENGBEN,BINGZENGJIALEZHENGGEWANGLUODELINGHUOXING。

  (4)CUBOFENFUYONGGUANGDUANJI

  CUBOFENFUYONGGUANGDUANJILIYONGGUANGFUYONGQIJIANGBUTONGBOZHANGDEGUANGXINHAOFUYONGZHIDANGENGUANGXIANJINXINGCHUANSHU,ZAILIANLUDEJIESHOUDUAN,JIEZHUGUANGJIEFUYONGQIJIANGGUANGXIANZHONGDEHUNHEXINHAOFENJIEWEIBUTONGBOZHANGDEXINHAO,LIANJIEDAOXIANGYINGDEJIESHOUSHEBEI(RUTU4)。CUBOFENFUYONGXITONGZHONGGEGEBOZHANGZHIJIANDEJIANGEJIAOKUAN,YINCIDUIJIGUANGFASHEQIDEJINGDUYAOQIUJIAODI,KEJIESHENGZHENGGECHUANSHUXITONGDECHENGBEN。

  (6)ZONGHEYEWUGUANGDUANJI

  ZONGHEYEWUGUANGDUANJIJIANGSHUZIFEIYASUOJISHUTONGTDMYIJIWDMJISHUJIEHE,YONGYIGENGUANGXIANTONGSHICHUANSHUSHIPINXINHAO、YITAIWANGXINHAO、DIANHUAXINHAO、YUYINDUIJIANG、SHUANGXIANGSHUJU、KAIGUANLIANGDENGXINXI(RUTU5)。YINWEIZAIDAXINGXIANGMUYIJIFUZAYINGYONGZHONG,DANCHUNDECHUANSHUSHIPINXINHAOYIJINGBUNENGMANZURIYIKUODADEANFANGJIANKONGXUQIU。LIRUQIANDUANSHIMONIQIUJIDEQINGKUANGXIA,RUGUOZHICHUANSHUSHIPINXINHAOBINGBUNENGSHIXIANDUIQIUJIDEKONGZHI,YINCIZAICHUANSHUSHIPINXINHAODETONGSHIHAIYAOCHUANSHU485KONGZHIXINHAOYISHIXIANDUIQIUJIDIYANSHIDEKONGZHI。ZAIZHEIYANGDEXUQIUXIA,ZONGHEYEWUGUANGDUANJIJIUYINGYUNERSHENG,MANZULEZHENGGEXITONGDAGUIMOLIANWANGDEXUQIU。

  2.WANGLUOGUANGDUANJI

WANGLUOGUANGDUANJIKEJIANGSHUANGJIAOXIANZHONGDEDIANXINHAOZHUANHUANWEIGUANGXINHAOSHIXIANYUANJULIDECHUANSHU,YEKETONGGUOGUANGXIANJILIAN、ZUHUANSHIYONG。DUOYONGYUGONGCHANG、JIAOTONG、GUIDAO、KUANGSHAN、DIANZHANDENGXIANGMUZHONGDEWANGLUOJIANSHE。

 

三、光端机重要参数指标及产品选型

  (YI)SHUJULEIXING

  YIGEDAXINGZONGHEXIANGMUZHONGCHUANSHUDEXINHAOFEICHANGDUOYANG,ZAIXUANGOUGUANGDUANJIQIANSHOUXIANYAOQINGCHUQIANDUANSHURUDEXINHAOYUANSHISHENMELEIXING,GENJUSHURUYUANLEIXINGBUTONG,RUMONIXINHAO、WANGLUOXINHAO、GAOQINGYUANSHISHUJUDENG,XUANZEBUTONGLEIXINGDEGUANGDUANJIJINXINGPIPEI。

  (ER)GUANGXIANLEIXING

  GUANGDUANJIFENDANXIANCHUANSHUHESHUANGXIANCHUANSHU。YONGDANXIANCHUANSHUSHI,SHOUFAXINHAOZAIYIGENGUANGXIANZHONGSHIYONGBUTONGDEBOZHANGCHUANSHU,HUBUGANRAO;YONGSHUANGXIANCHUANSHUSHI,SHOUHEFADOUSHIYONGYIGENDULIDEGUANGXIANCHUANSHU,LIANGZHEDEBOZHANGKEYIXIANGTONG。SHIYONGDANXIANCHUANSHUSHIYOUYUXUYAOZAIYIGENGUANGXIANZHONGFUYONGLIANGGEBOZHANGDEXINHAO,YINCIZAIMEIGEGUANGDUANJIZHONGBISHUANGXIANCHUANSHUDUOYIDUIBOFENFUYONGQI,ERSHUANGXIANCHUANSHUBIDANXIANCHUANSHUDUOSHIYONGLEYIGENGUANGXIAN。GUANGXIANGENJUCHUANSHUMOSHIBUTONGKEFENWEIDANMOGUANGXIANHEDUOMOGUANGXIAN,DANMOGUANGXIANCHUANSHUJULIGENGYUANDANXIANGBIDUOMOGUANGXIANCHENGBENYEGENGGAO。ZAISHEJIFANGANQIANXUCHONGFENKAOLVSHIJIXUQIUZAIXUANZEXIANGYINGDEGUANGDUANJIJIGUANGXIAN。

  (SAN)BOZHANG

  GUANGDUANJIFASONGDUANDEFASONGBOZHANGXUYAOYUJIESHOUDUANDEJIESHOUBOZHANGXIANGPIPEI。LIRUTx1310nm/Rx1550DUITx1550nm/Rx1310。

  (SI)CHUANSHUSULV

  GUANGDUANJICHUANSHUDUANDECHUANSHUSULVXUYAOYUJIESHOUDUANDESULVXIANGPIPEI。

  (WU)CHUANSHUJULI

GUANGDUANJIGENJUCHUANSHUJULIDEBUTONG,ZAIJIAGESHANGHUIYOUQUBIE,SHIJIXIANGMUZHONGQINGGENJUCHUANSHUDEJULIXUANZESHIHEDEGUANGDUANJICHANPIN,CHANGJIANDECHUANSHUJULIYOU10GONGLI、20GONGLI、40GONGLI。

 

结语

  SUIZHEDAXINGANFANGJIANKONGXIANGMUDESHISHIYIJICHAOGAOQINGSHIPINJIANKONGXUQIUDECHANSHENG,GUANGXIANCHUANSHUYIQIBAOMIXINGHAO、ZHONGLIANGQING、KANGGANRAONENGLIQIANG、JULIYUAN、SHUJUDAIKUANGAODENGTEDIAN,BIJIANGCHENGWEISHIPINJIANKONGCHUANSHUWANGLUOJIANSHEDEHEXINJISHU,ZAIDIANXIN、DIANLI、GONGAN、JUNDUI、GONGLUJIAOTONG、TIELU、HAIGUAN、DAXINGCHANGKUANG、ZHENGFUJIGUANDENGXIANGMUZHONGDEDAOGUANGFANYINGYONG。